一份vim配置简单的IDE文件

nano做一个的文本编辑器,偶尔简单修改一下文本还是挺好用的:https://zsxwz.com/2020/04/26/

vim做为一个文本编辑器,比较强大,可以安装各种插件,各种快捷键。自己不太会记快捷键,因此用的也不多。看了很多配置文档,最后还是自己搞一份算了,当做一个ide简单的python环境,很多时候也是很方便的。

1、.vimrc:

"安装插件
set nocompatible 
filetype off 

set rtp+=~/.vim/bundle/Vundle.vim
call vundle#begin()

"插件列表
Plugin 'gmarik/Vundle.vim'
Plugin 'Chiel92/vim-autoformat'
Plugin 'https://github.com/bling/vim-airline'
Plugin 'w0rp/ale'
Plugin 'kien/rainbow_parentheses.vim'
"Plugin 'scrooloose/syntastic'
Plugin 'scrooloose/nerdtree'
Plugin 'Yggdroot/indentLine'
Plugin 'jiangmiao/auto-pairs'
Plugin 'tell-k/vim-autopep8'
Plugin 'ctrlpvim/ctrlp.vim'
Plugin 'nvie/vim-flake8'
Plugin 'preservim/nerdcommenter'
call vundle#end()
filetype plugin indent on

call plug#begin('~/.vim/plugged')
Plug 'neoclide/coc.nvim', {'branch': 'release'}
Plug 'w0ng/vim-hybrid'
Plug 'morhetz/gruvbox'
Plug 'iamcco/mathjax-support-for-mkdp'
Plug 'iamcco/markdown-preview.vim'
call plug#end()

" vim-hybrid
set background=dark
colorscheme hybrid
"colorscheme gruvbox

"f4注释当前行
map <F4> <leader>ci <CR>

"f5运行代码
map <F5> :call CompileRunGcc()<CR>
func! CompileRunGcc()
        exec "w"
        if &filetype == 'c'
                exec "!g++ % -o %<"
                exec "!time ./%<"
        elseif &filetype == 'cpp'
                exec "!g++ % -o %<"
                exec "!time ./%<"
        elseif &filetype == 'java'
                exec "!javac %"
                exec "!time java %<"
        elseif &filetype == 'sh'
                :!time bash %
        elseif &filetype == 'python'
                exec "!clear"
                exec "!time python3 %"
        elseif &filetype == 'html'
                exec "!firefox % &"
        elseif &filetype == 'go'
                " exec "!go build %<"
                exec "!time go run %"
        elseif &filetype == 'mkd'
                exec "!~/.vim/markdown.pl % > %.html &"
                exec "!firefox %.html &"
        endif
endfunc

"缩进指示线"
let g:indentLine_char='┆'
let g:indentLine_enabled = 1

"ycm配置
highlight PMenu ctermfg=0 ctermbg=242 guifg=black guibg=darkgrey
highlight PMenuSel ctermfg=242 ctermbg=8 guifg=darkgrey guibg=black


"python配置
let python_highlight_all=1
au Filetype python set tabstop=4
au Filetype python set softtabstop=4
au Filetype python set shiftwidth=4
au Filetype python set textwidth=79
au Filetype python set expandtab
au Filetype python set autoindent
au Filetype python set fileformat=unix
autocmd Filetype python set foldmethod=indent
autocmd Filetype python set foldlevel=99

"解除方向键
nnoremap <C-J> <C-W><C-J>
nnoremap <C-K> <C-W><C-K>
nnoremap <C-L> <C-W><C-L>
nnoremap <C-H> <C-W><C-H>

"f3文件树
nnoremap <F3> :NERDTreeToggle<CR>


"f6代码格式化
nnoremap <F6> :Autoformat<CR>
let g:autoformat_autoindent = 0
let g:autoformat_retab = 0
let g:autoformat_remove_trailing_spaces = 0

nmap <silent> <F8> <Plug>MarkdownPreview
imap <silent> <F8> <Plug>MarkdownPreview
nmap <silent> <F9> <Plug>StopMarkdownPreview
imap <silent> <F9> <Plug>StopMarkdownPreview

"括号颜色
let g:rbpt_colorpairs = [
                        \ ['brown',       'RoyalBlue3'],
                        \ ['Darkblue',    'SeaGreen3'],
                        \ ['darkgray',    'DarkOrchid3'],
                        \ ['darkgreen',   'firebrick3'],
                        \ ['darkcyan',    'RoyalBlue3'],
                        \ ['darkred',     'SeaGreen3'],
                        \ ['darkmagenta', 'DarkOrchid3'],
                        \ ['brown',       'firebrick3'],
                        \ ['gray',        'RoyalBlue3'],
                        \ ['darkmagenta', 'DarkOrchid3'],
                        \ ['Darkblue',    'firebrick3'],
                        \ ['darkgreen',   'RoyalBlue3'],
                        \ ['darkcyan',    'SeaGreen3'],
                        \ ['darkred',     'DarkOrchid3'],
                        \ ['red',         'firebrick3'],
                        \ ]
let g:rbpt_max = 16
let g:rbpt_loadcmd_toggle = 0
au VimEnter * RainbowParenthesesToggle
au Syntax * RainbowParenthesesLoadRound
au Syntax * RainbowParenthesesLoadSquare
au Syntax * RainbowParenthesesLoadBraces

"代码检查
let g:ale_fix_on_save = 1
 let g:ale_completion_enabled = 1
 let g:ale_sign_column_always = 1
 let g:airline#extensions#ale#enabled = 1
 
"set statusline+=%#warningmsg#
"set statusline+=%{SyntasticStatuslineFlag()}
"set statusline+=%*
"let g:syntastic_always_populate_loc_list = 1
"let g:syntastic_auto_loc_list = 1
"let g:syntastic_check_on_open = 1
"let g:syntastic_check_on_wq = 0

set viminfo='10,\"100,:20,%,n~/.viminfo
au BufReadPost * if line("'\"") > 0|if line("'\"") <= line("$")|exe("norm '\"")|else|exe "norm $"|endif|endif

"vim配置
syntax on
set ic
set hlsearch
set encoding=utf-8
set fileencodings=utf-8,ucs-bom,GB2312,big5
set termencoding=utf-8
set cursorline
set autoindent
set smartindent
set scrolloff=4
set showmatch
set nu
set mouse=a
filetype indent on
set ignorecase
"代码折叠
"set foldmethod=indent
filetype plugin on
"set mouse=v
set t_Co=256
set backspace=2

" TextEdit might fail if hidden is not set.
set hidden

" Some servers have issues with backup files, see #649.
set nobackup
set nowritebackup

" Give more space for displaying messages.
set cmdheight=2

" Having longer updatetime (default is 4000 ms = 4 s) leads to noticeable
" delays and poor user experience.
set updatetime=300

" Don't pass messages to |ins-completion-menu|.
set shortmess+=c

" Always show the signcolumn, otherwise it would shift the text each time
" diagnostics appear/become resolved.
if has("patch-8.1.1564")
  " Recently vim can merge signcolumn and number column into one
  set signcolumn=number
else
  set signcolumn=yes
endif

" Use tab for trigger completion with characters ahead and navigate.
" NOTE: Use command ':verbose imap <tab>' to make sure tab is not mapped by
" other plugin before putting this into your config.
inoremap <silent><expr> <TAB>
      \ pumvisible() ? "\<C-n>" :
      \ <SID>check_back_space() ? "\<TAB>" :
      \ coc#refresh()
inoremap <expr><S-TAB> pumvisible() ? "\<C-p>" : "\<C-h>"

function! s:check_back_space() abort
  let col = col('.') - 1
  return !col || getline('.')[col - 1]  =~# '\s'
endfunction

" Use <c-space> to trigger completion.
if has('nvim')
  inoremap <silent><expr> <c-space> coc#refresh()
else
  inoremap <silent><expr> <[email protected]> coc#refresh()
endif

" Use <cr> to confirm completion, `<C-g>u` means break undo chain at current
" position. Coc only does snippet and additional edit on confirm.
" <cr> could be remapped by other vim plugin, try `:verbose imap <CR>`.
if exists('*complete_info')
  inoremap <expr> <cr> complete_info()["selected"] != "-1" ? "\<C-y>" : "\<C-g>u\<CR>"
else
  inoremap <expr> <cr> pumvisible() ? "\<C-y>" : "\<C-g>u\<CR>"
endif

" Use `[g` and `]g` to navigate diagnostics
" Use `:CocDiagnostics` to get all diagnostics of current buffer in location list.
nmap <silent> [g <Plug>(coc-diagnostic-prev)
nmap <silent> ]g <Plug>(coc-diagnostic-next)

" GoTo code navigation.
nmap <silent> gd <Plug>(coc-definition)
nmap <silent> gy <Plug>(coc-type-definition)
nmap <silent> gi <Plug>(coc-implementation)
nmap <silent> gr <Plug>(coc-references)

" Use K to show documentation in preview window.
nnoremap <silent> K :call <SID>show_documentation()<CR>

function! s:show_documentation()
  if (index(['vim','help'], &filetype) >= 0)
    execute 'h '.expand('<cword>')
  else
    call CocAction('doHover')
  endif
endfunction

" Highlight the symbol and its references when holding the cursor.
autocmd CursorHold * silent call CocActionAsync('highlight')

" Symbol renaming.
nmap <leader>rn <Plug>(coc-rename)

" Formatting selected code.
xmap <leader>f  <Plug>(coc-format-selected)
nmap <leader>f  <Plug>(coc-format-selected)

augroup mygroup
  autocmd!
  " Setup formatexpr specified filetype(s).
  autocmd FileType typescript,json setl formatexpr=CocAction('formatSelected')
  " Update signature help on jump placeholder.
  autocmd User CocJumpPlaceholder call CocActionAsync('showSignatureHelp')
augroup end

" Applying codeAction to the selected region.
" Example: `<leader>aap` for current paragraph
xmap <leader>a  <Plug>(coc-codeaction-selected)
nmap <leader>a  <Plug>(coc-codeaction-selected)

" Remap keys for applying codeAction to the current buffer.
nmap <leader>ac  <Plug>(coc-codeaction)
" Apply AutoFix to problem on the current line.
nmap <leader>qf  <Plug>(coc-fix-current)

" Map function and class text objects
" NOTE: Requires 'textDocument.documentSymbol' support from the language server.
xmap if <Plug>(coc-funcobj-i)
omap if <Plug>(coc-funcobj-i)
xmap af <Plug>(coc-funcobj-a)
omap af <Plug>(coc-funcobj-a)
xmap ic <Plug>(coc-classobj-i)
omap ic <Plug>(coc-classobj-i)
xmap ac <Plug>(coc-classobj-a)
omap ac <Plug>(coc-classobj-a)

" Use CTRL-S for selections ranges.
" Requires 'textDocument/selectionRange' support of LS, ex: coc-tsserver
nmap <silent> <C-s> <Plug>(coc-range-select)
xmap <silent> <C-s> <Plug>(coc-range-select)

" Add `:Format` command to format current buffer.
command! -nargs=0 Format :call CocAction('format')

" Add `:Fold` command to fold current buffer.
command! -nargs=? Fold :call     CocAction('fold', <f-args>)

" Add `:OR` command for organize imports of the current buffer.
command! -nargs=0 OR   :call     CocAction('runCommand', 'editor.action.organizeImport')

" Add (Neo)Vim's native statusline support.
" NOTE: Please see `:h coc-status` for integrations with external plugins that
" provide custom statusline: lightline.vim, vim-airline.
set statusline^=%{coc#status()}%{get(b:,'coc_current_function','')}

" Mappings for CoCList
" Show all diagnostics.
nnoremap <silent><nowait> <space>a  :<C-u>CocList diagnostics<cr>
" Manage extensions.
nnoremap <silent><nowait> <space>e  :<C-u>CocList extensions<cr>
" Show commands.
nnoremap <silent><nowait> <space>c  :<C-u>CocList commands<cr>
" Find symbol of current document.
nnoremap <silent><nowait> <space>o  :<C-u>CocList outline<cr>
" Search workspace symbols.
nnoremap <silent><nowait> <space>s  :<C-u>CocList -I symbols<cr>
" Do default action for next item.
nnoremap <silent><nowait> <space>j  :<C-u>CocNext<CR>
" Do default action for previous item.
nnoremap <silent><nowait> <space>k  :<C-u>CocPrev<CR>
" Resume latest coc list.
nnoremap <silent><nowait> <space>p  :<C-u>CocListResume<CR>

使用的是Vundle做为插件管理,如果需要自己添加扩展,就在call vundle#begin()。。。call vundle#end()之间添加插件地址。

按f3 nerdtree文件树:

按f4,nerdcommenter使用#注释当前行。长按\,然后按cu,取消注释。

可以多行注释,按5\cc,向下注释5行。vim自带的在normal模式下:

:5,10 s/^/#/g,用搜索替换的方法注释也是挺好用的。

按f5,运行常见的代码

按f6,Autoformat代码格式化

按ctrl + p,ctrlp.vim模糊搜索

以上快捷键,如果和系统快捷键有冲突,可以根据自己的需求修改。

2、安装扩展,先安装Vundle插件管理:

git clone https://github.com/VundleVim/Vundle.vim.git ~/.vim/bundle/Vundle.vim

终端打开vim,如果报错,先忽略。在normal模式下,:PluginInstall,即可安装扩展。安装过程可能相当的慢,毕竟国内可能没有速度。

YouCompleteMe代码自动补全可能比较麻烦,如果无法补全,就需要自己编译一下:https://github.com/ycm-core/YouCompleteMe

需要自己先安装一下cmake

cd ~/.vim/bundle
git clone https://github.com/ycm-core/YouCompleteMe.git
cd ~/.vim/bundle/YouCompleteMe
./install.py --clangd-completer

如果下载编译真的很慢,自己大包了一份,放在根目录$HOME/.vim即可。

下载:http://download.zsxwz.com/file/16220046-455619032

3、pip安装需要的模块:

pip install pylint autopep8 flake8

留言

* - 必填